The other day I had an interesting conversation with my eight year old son in the car about debt. He asked me, “Dad, why don't you and mom have a lot of debt? Why do you think it's bad?” I responded, “Well, Elijah, your mom and I don't want to be a slave to the lender(s). If we don't have any debt, then no one can foreclose on our home, or repossess our car, or force us into bankruptcy.” “You see when Grandpa went through bankruptcy he was forced into it. The bank said it wanted all his assets and his business was shutdown. It wasn't his choice. No one can say that to you if you owe no one nothing!”
Watching my dad go through bankruptcy pushed me even further to detest debt and fixed expenses. The debts and reoccurring payments were an increasing burden during tough times, and were a big contributing factor to him having to close up shop on his farming operation. Since seeing this I realized how easily it is to fall into the “consumerism” trap and the importance of 1) avoiding debt, and 2) limiting my fixed expenses.
Since writing “How to Stop Living Paycheck to Paycheck – Passive Income” my family and I've been able to breakup our fixed expenses and variable expenses into separate bank accounts.
Having a set amount direct deposited to bank account #1, like the above diagram, has helped us know exactly how much our fixed expenses/debts are costing our family. On top of that its helped motivate us to further reduce these expenses, which included switching to Ooma Phone Service. Here are a few tips that have helped me reduce my fixed expenses.
- Mortgage – if you are paying more than 5% on a 30 year mortgage and have more than 10 years left on your loan, then you're giving your money to the banks. Look at refinancing now! Rates are still at historic lows, and you need to make every effort to reduce your interest. Right now on bankrate.com 20 and 30 year mortgages are at 4%+. Also consider taking advantage of bi-weekly mortgage payments, which can help you shave off about 7 years from a 30 year mortgage.
- Loans – be cautious of taking on any new debt. Consider first saving for your large purchases as opposed to going into debt. If you have to go into debt then do everything you can to get out quickly. Also shop around for the best rates, and options too. Every % point is a few more dollars in your family's pockets.
- Telephone – don't be satisfied with the status quo land line. Shop around for your business. A lot of land line companies are offering competitive rates just to keep you from switching to a VOIP provider. If you can leverage VOIP services then consider Ooma, Vonage, or Skype.
- Cell Phones – just like regular phone providers, cellular companies have been very competitive in recent years, and especially with everyone having smart phones and data plans. If you have to have a smart phone then take a look at Virgin Mobile. They have some great plans starting at just $35/month and all plans include unlimited data, text, email, and web. If you aren't into having a smart phone, then take a look at pay-as-you-go phones. I used a Tracfone several years ago have had no regrets.
- Electricity – switching to compact fluorescent bulbs has definitely helped drive down our family's expenses. In addition, we keep your house at about 78-80 degrees during the summer to help lower our AC expenses during the summer (except when company's here! :) ). We also keep our shades drawn during the summer to keep the UV heat out. Every little bit helps!
- Water – couple of water conservation tips we use are, 1) utilize your washing machine's speed cycle, 2) limit watering your grass to 3 times week during the summer & utilizing fertilizer to help alleviate the need to water, 3) fill the sink once to alleviate using running water while washing your dishes by hand.
- Natural Gas – we don't use a lot of natural gas, but our primary needs for it are for heating our home. A few tips to help lower your natural gas expenses are 1) lower your thermostat during the winter, 2) open the shades during the winter to let UV heat in, 3) shutoff your pilot light on your fireplace when you aren't using it.
- Insurance – consider raising your insurance deductibles on your older vehicles, since their value isn't as much as when you first bought them.
- Garbage Hauling – when I first moved into my house I thought all garbage services were the same. Boy was I wrong! About 3 years ago I found out that neighbors were paying about $30 less every 3 months than me. In also shopping around for garbage services I found three other companies that were offering their services in our area. You may be surprised how much you can save on this fixed expense by spending a few minutes shopping around.
- TV – consider switching providers from cable to satellite. Recently, DIRECTV lost a lot of customers due to the whole VIACOM dispute. They've recently got really aggressive on their pricing and are eager to gain back customers. The other alternative is to completely cut cable/satellite from your fixed expenses. A lot of families are choosing to go this route and especially with how easy it is to stream shows & movies over Netflix or Amazon Prime Instant Videos.
In addition, something that has helped even our fixed expenses is to switch all of our utility bills to “even payment plans”. The plans are calculated based on the past year's usage * current rates. It makes it easy to have the same amount come out of your account each month.
Overall, if I could offer one piece of advice for reducing fixed expenses would be to switch your mindset. You have to be of the mind that you “DETEST” it! Hate it! Debt and fixed expenses are like a disease. They are what you and your family are committed to having to pay regardless of whether you have job or lose it. With how appealing marketers portray “consumerism” it's as if we've all fallen prey to this vast conspiracy to get people to think they need things.
Detest debt and fixed expenses and your life will feel a lot more freeing.